Medicago sativa L.
Also known as Buffalo Herb, Lucerne, and Purple Medic
History: Although the Alfalfa plant originated in Asia, it became a widely used plant in the Mediterranean just before 500 BC. The Arabs prized the plant as a folder, claiming that it gave their animal’s superior speed and strength. The Arabs also enjoyed eating the Alfalfa themselves. During the age of exploration, the Spanish brought and planted Alfalfa seeds in Central America, where it has been valued as a highly nutritious plant. The Alfalfa plant has been used by many herbalists as a cure for a wide variety of illness and ailments, including diabetes and tooth decay.