Aesculus hippocastanumis L.
Also known as Buckeye
History: Horse Chestnut is leafy tree native to the Balkan countries of Europe. The tree was, and continues to be grown, primarily for ornamental purposes and can be found throughout towns and parks in the temperate regions of the Europe and the United States. The Horse Chestnut Tree produces copious amounts of a shelled nut which resemble small, prickly brown eggs and which can be used medicinal. In the western United States, Native Americans use the crushed unripe seeds of the California Buckeye (a relative of the Horse Chestnut that is native to North America) to scatter into streams to stupefy fish. They would also use the leaves to make tea to clear congestion.
Uses: rheumatism, neuralgia, rectal complaints and for haemorrhoids
Active Ingredients: triterpene saponin mixture called escin, , condensed tannins, quinines, sterols and fatty acids (including linolenic acid, palmitic acid and steric acid), and coumarins (including aesculetin, fraxin [fraxetin glucoside], and scopolin [scopoletin glucoside
Actions: tonic, astringent, febrifuge, narcotic, antiseptic