Also known as Sweet Fennel and Wild Fennel
History:Fennel was known as a medicinal herb in ancient China, India, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. According to Greek legend, man received knowledge from Mount Olympus in the form of a fiery coal enclosed in a stalk of fennel. During the Middle Ages, wealthy people routinely used it to seasoning their food due to its licorice like flavor. On the other hand, the poor used its ability as an appetite suppressant during days of fasting. The plant was originally introduced to North America by Spanish priests; however, the English also brought it to their early settlements in Virginia where it was a trade good with the Native Americans.
Uses: flavoring agent, a scent, insect repellent, poisoning, digestive disorders, stimulant to promote lactation and menstruation
Active Ingredients: anethole, fenchone, petroselinic acid, oleic acid, and tocopherols, limonene, camphor, alpha-pinene
Actions: Carminative, aromatic, anti-spasmodic, stimulant, galachtogogue, rubefacient, expectorant, anti-emetic, diaphoretic, hepatic