Also known as Apricot Vine, Maypop, Passion Vine, Purple Passionflower, and Wild Passionflower
History: Passion Flower is native to the Americas and grows in throughout the southeastern United States. Early American explorers named the flower after the passion of Christ, claiming that the unique flowers displayed signs of Christ’s crucifixion. The plant has small, berry-like fruit called granadilla or water lemons, which were used by Native Americans as a food source. In fact, Captain John Smith recorded in 1612 that natives farmed Passion Flower for its fruit. Passionflower is also a powerful medicinal herb. The Houma, Cherokee and other Native American tribes used Passion Flower to reduce inflammation and correct liver problems. The plant was also used, and is still used, as a sedative to calm nerves.
Modern Uses: fever, insomnia, gastrointestinal (GI) upset, anxiety, nervousness, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and relieving symptoms related to narcotic drug withdrawal, seizures, hysteria, asthma, symptoms of menopause, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, fibromyalgia, and pain relief.
The Commission E approved the internal use of passionflower for nervous restlessness.
The British Herbal Compendium indicates its use for sleep disorders, restlessness, nervous stress, and anxiety. Other uses include neuralgia and nervous tachycardia (Bradley, 1992). The German Standard License for passionflower tea indicates its use for nervous restlessness, mild disorders of sleeplessness, and gastrointestinal disorders of nervous origin. It is frequently used in combination with valerian and other sedative plants. ESCOP indicates its use for tenseness, restlessness, and irritability with difficulty in falling asleep.
Active Ingredients: Passiflorine
Actions: Sedative, hypnotic, anti-spasmodic, nervine,, anodyne
Complementary Herbs: Valerian, Hops, Jamaican Dogwood